Of Khans and Kremlins: Tatarstan and the Future of

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Elk Hills, the huge oil field outside Bakersfield, Calif., and a similar rich reserve located in Teapot Dome, Wyo., were set aside for the Navy nearly a century ago. Still, Kennedy's vision of American foreign policy--a vision explicitly expressed in his inaugural and carried out in his administration's policies--raised the stakes of America's global leadership by pledging a whole generation to the defense of freedom and liberty around the globe.

The Struggle for Russia: Power and Change in the Democratic

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By contrast, his political rival, the billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili, is a pro-Russian puppet. Over the spring of 1989, moreover, there was some "new thinking" in the policy and intelligence debates. Although a Soviet counter-offensive saves Moscow, by June 1942 the Germans were on the gates of Stalingrad (now called Volgograd) and close to the Caucasus oil fields. 1943 - Germans fail to take Stalingrad; Soviet troops launch a general counter-offensive which eventually culminates in the capture of Berlin in May 1945. 1945 - Soviet Union and the Allies reach understanding on postwar spheres of influence in Europe during the Yalta and Postdam summit conferences. 1945 August - Soviet Union declares war on Japan, eventually annexing the southern half of Sakhalin and the Kuril islands. 1948-49 - Berlin blockade: Soviet Union fails to prevent supplies from reaching the sectors of Berlin occupied by Western forces. 1949 - Soviet Union explodes its first atomic device; recognises the Communist government in China. 1950 - Soviet Union and China sign 30-year alliance treaty. 1950-53 - Outbreak of Korean war sees relations between the Soviet Union and the West deteriorate markedly. 1953 March - Stalin dies and is succeeded by Georgi Malenkov as prime minister and by Nikita Khrushchev as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. 1953 - Soviet Union explodes its first hydrogen bomb. 1955 - Nikolay Bulganin replaces Malenkov as prime minister. 1955 - Warsaw Treaty Organisation, or Warsaw Pact, set up. 1956 - Soviet troops help crush uprising in Hungary. 1956 February - Khrushchev makes a secret speech to the 20th Communist Party congress denouncing Stalin's dictatorial rule and cult of personality. 1957 - First-ever artificial earth satellite, Sputnik, orbits the earth. 1958 - Khrushchev becomes prime minister - in addition to Communist Party chief - after dismissing Bulganin.

Podmoskovye: How The Richest Region In Russia Was Looted

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That this memo should have had such persuasive powers appears preposterous; but only on the face of it, because it was evident that the reproach signed by Duclos did not originate in Paris but in Moscow and therefore had the force of a Papal Encyclical. Portrays the future conqueror not as an evil brute, but as an inspiring, fearless and visionary leader. 126 min. Viking mission, the Soviet Academy of Sciences decided to abandon Mars as a priority and see how the American program would develop.

Resolving the Russo-Japanese Territorial Dispute:

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Livia, the beautiful wife of an army officer, is a reporter at the Budapest newspaper where Eva, an outspoken lesbian journalist, comes to work. After the elimination of Beria, the succession struggle became more subtle. In the 2010-2011 school year, over 2,000 young people attended SWW classes to learn what it takes to be a leader in the church, and as a result about half a million people were touched by their outreach efforts. Both preached with messianic fervor and moved thousands (Dennis autographs Bibles, I’m not sure if Jesus did that).

Russia and the Arctic: Environment, Identity and Foreign

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When Jews are murdered, it is a warning to decent non-Jews that they are next. But why is it that Washington ought to decide what relations there should be between the former republics of the Soviet Union?" In the later part of his reign, Ivan divided his realm in two. CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Huckabee: Washington State vote like the Soviet Union « - Blogs from CNN.com.

Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons from Eastern Europe

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There are beautiful theaters in the larger cities, and almost every town has a house of culture where plays, art classes, concerts, and dance performances can take place. The neutron bomb would produce armor-piercing radiation which would kill the crews of tanks but leave the tanks unharmed. Hence, the present study aims to examine the transnational characteristics of the Russian-speaking Diaspora through a systematic analysis of the most popular Russian-language internet sites in the three countries that received the largest waves of immigrants from the FSU: Israel, Germany and the U.

Two Suns in the Heavens: The Sino-Soviet Struggle for

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The kulaks decided to settle matters with M. Only after the ensuing Civil War (1918–21) and foreign intervention was the new communist government secure. Two of Bukovsky’s documents appear in English for the first time in Behind the Desert Storm. Russia then annexed Ukraine's Black Sea Crimean Peninsula, and a pro-Russia mutiny has engulfed eastern Ukraine. The Congress now elected the Supreme Soviet, which became a full-time parliament, much stronger than before.

The Red Riviera: Gender, Tourism, and Postsocialism on the

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In addition, the following policies were proclaimed: (1) freedom from restrictions that had formerly been imposed on marriage (for example, the religious denomination of the bride and groom); (2) freedom and ease of divorce; and (3) equality in every respect between "legitimate" and "illegitimate" children. An alphabet based on Greek characters that was created in the ninth century to serve as a medium for translating Eastern Orthodox texts into Old Church Slavonic (q.v.).

Gorbachev's export of Perestroika to Eastern Europe:

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For the debates involved core theoretical conceptions and values of revolutionary socialism, i.e., Marxism. Portions of the Russian defense firms will be converted to the production of prefabricated housing systems and related products. Developing disability sports was in line with the socialist state's focus on "physical culture" and the perceived benefits of sports for health and discipline among the citizenry (Brownell 1995). Pp. 70- 83 in A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews, edited by Murray Friedman, and Albert Chernin.

Russia and the New States of Eurasia: The Politics of

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The new sacredness of marriage had several corollaries. In a meeting in September during a visit to New York, committee chair Sergei Kovolev, responding to the question of whether there were still political prisoners being held in Russia, answered "yes and no." The Internal Troops and the Border Troops had military equipment, organization, training, and missions. However, these ideas have something in common. Soviet society became a class-conscious state where communist elites had special access to goods, services, and housing.